The Necropolis of Saqqara is located about 30 kilometers south of Cairo, and represented for millennia a very important burial place of Ancient Egypt.
Saqqara is mainly famous for being the royal necropolis of the Old Kingdom until the Third Dynasty, and for the fact of hosting the grandiose Pyramid of Djoser, the oldest pyramid ever built among those attributed to the Egyptian civilization.
This monument, also known as the “Djoser funerary complex”, or simply as the “stepped pyramid” is the oldest stone pyramid made by the ancient Egyptian civilization, and was built in 2700 BC.
The Pyramid of Djoser was officially explored for the first time on 28th December 1821 by Girolamo Segato.
The funerary complex was rediscovered in its entirety in 1924, after being buried under the desert sands for more than two millennia.
The Necropolis of Saqqara was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1979.