Etruscan Museum of Marzabotto and Marconi Museum

The National Etruscan Museum of Marzabotto is located in the province of Bologna.

The structural remains of this ancient city make the site a unique case in the panorama of Etruscan inhabited centres. Unlike Etruscan other towns, the site’s abandonment guaranteed its conservation, allowing us to walk the ancient streets and houses, craft areas and sacred buildings wind.

The Etruscan city with its strictly orthogonal urban layout was considered an almost colonial foundation, resulting from a settlement reorganisation of the Reno valley towards the end of the 4th century BC.

On this hill during the fifth century BC, a process of embellishment developed: buildings, temples and altars were built that testify to the development of the centre and its architectural culture. Of particular interest are the remains of private homes, which attest to an essential phase forming the central-Italian townhouse, and the rich necropolis.

In the urban area, the Temple’s remains are dedicated to Tinia, the highest Etruscan divinity corresponding to the Zeus of the Ancient Greeks.

The Marconi Museum is located in Villa Griffon, the residence of Guglielmo Marconi and the place where he carried out his first experiments.

The Museum’s halls illustrate some fundamental developments in radio communications in the twentieth century, notably the transition from radiotelegraphy to radio and broadcasting. On display, there are also interesting documents relating to the training of Guglielmo Marconi (exhibited in the famous “silkworm room”)

He was responsible for developing a remote telecommunication system via radio waves, i.e. wireless telegraphy or radiotelegraph. This evolution led to the development of radio and television and all modern radio communication systems and methods that use wireless communications.

These discoveries earned him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1909.

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