Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, is located in the center between West and East and is also known as the Jerusalem of the Balkans: here four religions have always coexisted: the Christian, the Jewish, Muslim and the Orthodox.
Famous for being the place where the assassination of the Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand at the hands of the revolutionary Gavrilo Princip took place, it has always been a symbol of multiculturalism.
Venue of the Winter Olympic Games in 1984.
Sarajevo during the Bosnian War, from 1992 to 1995, suffered a long siege of the Bosnian Serb armies.
In the months leading up to the war, the forces of the JNA (Yugoslav People’s Army) began to deploy on the hills surrounding the city with artillery.
On 2nd May 1992, Sarajevo was completely isolated from Bosnian Serb forces. The main roads leading into the city were blocked, as were the supplies of food and medicine. Services such as water, electricity and heating were cut.
Historians point to an average of more than 300 explosions per day during the course of the siege, with a maximum of 3,777 grenades dropped on 22nd July 1993.
Fires caused by the bullets seriously damaged the city’s facilities, including civilian and cultural buildings.
Since September 1993, military reports underline the fact that all buildings in Sarajevo had been damaged, and 35,000 completely destroyed.
Among the most significant damages were those of the Parliament of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the National Library, which burned completely along with thousands of texts that can no longer be recovered.
The ceasefire agreement was reached in October 1995, and the Dayton Agreement was signed in the same year to restore peace. A period of stabilization and a return to normality followed, with the Bosnian government not declaring an end to the siege of Sarajevo until 29th February 1996.
Following the war damage, the city was rebuilt even if today the signs of the conflict are still visible both in the architectural and cultural fields.