Skopje is the capital of the Republic of North Macedonia located in the south of the Balkan Peninsula.
Skopje dates back to the paleo-ancient period. This city had a strategic importance in the ancient period known under the name of Skupi.
In the age of the Octavian Augustus, between 13 and 11 years BC Skupi became a legionary camp. Later, Skupi developed into one of the largest Roman cities in the Balkan Peninsula and one of the most important settlements on the road from Thessaloniki to the Danube.
During the Ottoman Empire Skopje continued its progress and many mosques and Turkish baths were built in the city.
In the seventeenth century the city experienced economic, cultural and territorial progress with well-developed craftsmanship, trade and leather processing. However, due to the plague, and with the order of the Austrian general Piccolomini, in 1689 Skopje was set on fire and completely destroyed.
The city revived in the 19th century, especially after the construction of the Vardar Railway.
Today there are over 600,000 inhabitants.